Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum the last section of the large intestine falls from its normal position within the pelvic area and sticks out through the anus. The word "prolapse" means a falling down or slipping of a body part from its usual position. Rectal prolapse is common in older adults who have a long-term history of constipation or a weakness in the pelvic floor muscles. It is more common in women than in men, and even more common in women over the age of 50 postmenopausal women , but occurs in younger people too. Rectal prolapse can also occur in infants — which could be a sign of cystic fibrosis — and in older children. Rectal prolapse results from a slippage of the attachments of the last portion of the large intestine.
Rectal Prolapse: Treatment, Diagnosis, Causes & Symptoms
Rectal prolapse occurs when part or all of the wall of the rectum slides out of place, sometimes sticking out of the anus. See a picture of rectal prolapse. There are three types of rectal prolapse. In severe cases of rectal prolapse, a section of the large intestine drops from its normal position as the tissues that hold it in place stretch. Typically there is a sharp bend where the rectum begins. With rectal prolapse, this bend and other curves in the rectum may straighten, making it difficult to keep stool from leaking out fecal incontinence.
Everything You Should Know About Rectal Prolapse
A 45 years female presented with a complain of something coming out through her anus since one year, which comes on straining and reduces only after manual intervention. She had also, a history of constipation with occasional blood and mucus discharge in the stool. On examination, she was found to have full thickness rectal prolapse, which comes out on straining and reduces only after pushing it manually. With a diagnosis of complete rectal prolapse grade III, she underwent abdominal suture rectopexy and now she is doing well after six months of follow-up.
This information may also be useful to the friends, families, and caregivers of patients dealing with rectal prolapse. Treatment of this condition may often require surgery, and this patient education material is intended for patients with rectal prolapse who are considering or have been recommended surgery. It will address why surgery may have been recommended, what the various treatment options are, what it involves and how it may help patients. While this may be uncomfortable, it rarely results in an emergent medical problem. Overall, rectal prolapse affects relatively few people 2.